The sexual revolution, commonly defined by the-Pill-enabled swinging '60s, actually started earlier, continued longer and sparked much broader consequences than the proliferation of free love, according to David John Frank, UCI professor and chair of sociology. In a study published in the December issue of American Sociological Review, he and co-authors found that as early as the mid-1940s people began to see sex less as a predominantly procreative activity and more as one focused on individual satisfaction and self-expression.
A U.S.-Egyptian research team using CT scans to study ancient Egyptian mummies has uncovered the earliest case of atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries ever recorded. Princess Ahmose Meyret Amon, who was born around 1580 B.C. and died in her 40s, had blockages in two of her three main heart arteries that could have led to one or more heart attacks. She now represents the first person in human history known to have had heart disease. Almost half of the 52 mummies scanned showed evidence of coronary atherosclerosis in one or more of the arteries supplying blood to the heart and brain. "Commonly, we think of coronary artery or heart disease as a consequence of our modern lifestyles," said Dr. Gregory Thomas, clinical professor of cardiology at UCI and the study's co-principal investigator. "Our results point to a missing link in our understanding of heart disease."
Working moms can stop feeling guilty: Research shows that children of women who return to work before their offspring turn 3 are no more likely to act out or fail at school than kids whose mothers stay home. The findings, published in the American Psychological Association's Psychological Bulletin, stem from 50 years of data on maternal employment and academic performance. UCI's Wendy Goldberg and JoAnn Prause conducted the analysis with Rachel Lucas-Thompson of Macalester College, in Minnesota.
Dr. Bang H. Hoang and colleagues have been presented the 2011 Kappa Delta Ann Doner Vaughan Award for advancing the understanding of how bone cancer spreads. Since 1950, the award has been considered one of the most prestigious honors bestowed by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and the Orthopaedic Research Society. "Osteosarcoma is an aggressive cancerous bone tumor that appears primarily in children and is prone to spread from its primary location," Hoang said. "By understanding and explaining the underlying mechanisms for tumor progression, we hope to develop therapies benefiting patients with sarcomas that are currently untreatable."
John C. Avise, Distinguished Professor of ecology & evolutionary biology, has published a new book called Hermaphroditism: A Primer on the Biology, Ecology & Evolution of Dual Sexuality. The seminal textbook details oft-ignored or misunderstood plants, fish and invertebrate animals that reproduce as male and female simultaneously or switch between one gender and the other. Filled with such surprising creatures as the mangrove killifish — which has both ova and testes and can fertilize itself — it's a clear yet comprehensive examination of hermaphroditism and its unique challenge to the supremacy of separate sexes.